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Archery Terms

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Important Glossary of Archery


Before taking a bow in the hand and throwing an arrow towards the target, it’s mandatory to learn a few terms in the field of archery for grasping little knowledge about the game and its features.

 

 

S. No

Name

Work

 

Arm-guard

Protective arm covering for bow-arm. Usually plastic, metal or leather.

 

Bare shaft

An arrow without fletching.

 

Barebow

A bow with no sight or aiming devices.

 

Bouncer (Bounce-out)

An arrow that strikes the target and then falls to the ground.

 

Boss

The straw rope that is coiled and placed underneath the stretched and colored target face.

 

Bow-scale

Device used to measure the draw-weight of a bow

 

Bow-square

Device used to measure the bracing height and nocking-point position.

 

Bowyer

One who makes a bow.

 

Brace Height

Distance between string and pivot– a point of the bow (or pressure button).

 

Broadhead

Arrow point used in hunting. V-shaped with two or more cutting edges.

 

Butt

Backstop behind target face, usually straw or foam.

 

Button

Spring-loaded button. Used to absorb some of the sideways force of the arrow after release.

 

Cam

Eccentric pulley found on compound bows.

 

Chest-guard

Protective clothing used to prevent string catching on clothes or body.

 

Clicker

Metal or plastic device. Produces audible click when an arrow is at full draw.

 

Clout

Archery competition where archers shoot at a peg in the ground.

 

Creep

Non-recoverable elongation unlike stretch which is basically elasticity or recoverable elongation

 

Crest

Colored markings on the arrow shaft.

 

Compound Bow

Bow with eccentric pulleys and cables allowing high bow weights, but low weight at full draw.

 

Cushion Plunger

The plunger button is used to compensate for the arrow's flex, since the arrow flexes as the string pushes onto it with a very high acceleration, creating what is commonly known as the archer's paradox. The device is also known as a cushion plunger, pressure button, or Berger button

 

Draw

Pulling the bowstring.

 

Draw length

The distance between the string and the pivot point at full draw.

 

Draw-weight

Weight held by an archer at full draw.

 

End

A specified number of arrows (usually 3, 4 or 6) shot between scoring.

 

Face

Target – usually made from paper or card.

 

Field Archery

Archery shot on a wooded course.

 

Fishtailing

Movement of the arrow from side to side during flight.

 

Fistmele

Archaic term referring to the Bracing height of the bow (which was often measured by using a fist with the thumb extended)

 

FITA

Federation International de Tir a L’Arc. International target archery federation.

 

Flemish twist

The traditional longbow string with the loops made in the same manner as a rope, by twisting and splicing, rather than being a continuous strand of string material with the loops formed by serving. Can be used with recurves, but not recommended.

 

Fletching

The feathers or colored plastic “wings” attached towards the rear of an arrow.

 

Fletching Jig

Device used to hold arrow and fletching to ensure consistent positioning while the glue is drying.

 

Flight Shooting

Archery shooting for maximum distance.

 

Flu-flu

Large spiral fletching designed to slow the arrow down quickly.

 

Foot marker

Device pushed into the ground to ensure consistent foot position.

 

F.O.C.

Front of center – the balance point of the arrow when the point is fitted.

 

Gap shooting

Using the distance between the arrow and the target as an elevation gauge.

 

Gold

Centre of the target (it is often colored yellow).

 

Gold shyness / Gold fever

See Target Panic.

 

Group

Several arrows shot close together.

 

Kisser Button

Small plastic device attached to the string for alignment with a mouth at full draw.

 

Grip

Where hand is placed on a riser. Often plastic or wooden.

 

Lady Paramount

The lady in charge of an archery tournament. An honorary position only.

 

Limb

The energy-storing portion of the bow above and below the riser.

 

Longbow

Single-piece bow. Traditional Archery.

 

Loop

Portion of the string that is strung around the limb tip.

 

Lose

The action of releasing the string.

 

Minnowing

High-speed movement of an arrow from side to side during flight. (Indicative of poor clearance)

 

Nib

See Point.

 

Nock

Plastic device at the end of an arrow in which the string is placed.

 

Nocking Point

Position on the string at which the nock is located.

 

Overdraw

Device used to permit archers to use arrows shorter than their normal draw length.

 

Paradox (archer’s paradox)

The way the arrow bends around the riser on release.

 

Peak draw- weight

Maximum weight held by archer whilst drawing the bow.

 

Pivot-point

Position on grip farthest from the string.

 

Point

The pointed metal device inserted at the tip of the arrow.

 

Porpoising

Movement of the arrow up and down during flight.

 

Puller

Rubber mat used to protect hands and provide grip when pulling arrows.

 

Recurve Bow

Bow with limbs that curve away from the archer.

 

Quiver

Pouch, usually worn around the waist or placed on the ground, used to hold arrows and other accessories.

 

Rest

A wire or plastic device on which the arrow sits before and during the draw.

 

Riser

The handle of the bow.

 

Serving

Protective wrapping of string material around the string to prevent wear.

 

Shaft

The body of an arrow.

 

Sight Window

See Window.

 

Sling

Device to attach a bow to archer’s bow-hand.

 

Spine

The stiffness of the arrow shaft.

 

Stabiliser

Rod and weight combination attached to the bow to eliminate unwanted torque and vibration.

 

Stacking

Rapid increase in the draw weight of the bow, not in direct relation to the draw length.

 

String Walking

Used by bare bow archers. Fingers moved up and down string according to target distance.

 

Stringer

Device used to bend the limbs of a bow to allow the string to be attached.

 

Tab

Protector for string-fingers to prevent chafing.

 

Target Panic

Affliction where the archer cannot hold the sight in the gold.

 

Toxophilite

Archer.

 

Tiller

A measure of the balance of the two limbs.

 

Tuning

Adjustment of the bow and arrow to provide most accurate and forgiving arrow flight.

 

TFC

Torque Flight Compensator. A device used to absorb vibration.

 

Windage

Horizontal adjustment of a sight to compensate for wind-drift.

 

Window

Recessed area of riser above the grip.

 

These are some common terms in archery. When you start your career in archery it is must that you know about these terms.

 

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